Fiji is an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean east of Australia and Vanuatu, west of Tonga and south of Tuvalu. The heart and hub of the South Pacific, Fiji is blessed with about 330 tropical islands that are home to happiness. Fiji is known as a tourist destination due to its beautiful combinations of warm and sunny weather conditions, volcanic mountain ranges, rainforests, waterfalls, gorgeous sandy beaches, diving spots, good food, world class hotels & resorts and friendly people.
Fiji covers a total area of some 194,000 square kilometres (75,000 sq metres) of which around 10% is land.
Total land area of about 18,300 square kilometres (7,100 sq metres). country occupies an archipelago of more than 330 islands, of which 110 are permanently inhabited, and 522 islets.
Fiji has a population of about 912,000. The two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, account for 87% of the population. Viti Levu hosts the capital city of Suva and is home to nearly three-quarters of the population.
English (official), iTaukei(native), Hindi are the main languages.
The main religions in Fiji are Christian, Hindu, Islam and others
Fiji gained independence from the British Empire in 1970.
Fiji is a parliamentary representative democratic republic wherein the Prime Minister of Fiji is the Head of Government and the President is the Head of State.
Fiji is highly dependent on tourism for revenue while Sugar processing makes up one-third of industrial activity.
Fiji, endowed with forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the more developed of the Pacific island economies, though still with a large subsistence sector.
Natural resources include timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower.
Main industries are tourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, copper and lumber.
Agricultural products are sugarcane, coconuts, cassava, rice, sweet potatoes, bananas, cattle’s, pigs, horses, goats and fish.
Fijian Dollars and cents
The climate is quite pleasant in Fiji, a tropical marine and warm year round with minimal extremes. The warm season is from November to April and the cooler season lasts from May to October. Temperatures in the cool season still average 22 °C (72 °F). Rainfall is variable, with the warm season experiencing heavier rainfall, especially inland. For the larger islands, rainfall is heavier on the southeast portions of the islands than on the northwest portions, with consequences for agriculture in those areas. Winds are moderate. The cyclone period is between November to April.
Fiji has a fairly reliable and efficient telecommunication and Internet system with access to the Southern Cross submarine cable linking New Zealand, Australia and North America.
Internet penetration is over 60% .
Mobile phone penetration is over 90%.
Fiji has a significant amount of tourism. Some tourist sites are the Coral Coast, Denarau Island, and Mamanuca Islands. Fiji has a significant number of soft coral reefs, and scuba diving is a common tourist activity.
Fiji's main attractions to tourists are primarily white sandy beaches and aesthetically pleasing islands with all-year-round tropical weather. In general, Fiji is a mid-range priced holiday/vacation destination with most of the accommodations in this range. It also has a variety of world class five-star resorts and hotels. More budget resorts are being opened in remote areas, which will provide more tourism opportunities.
Visitors/Tourists state that they came for a holiday/vacation.
Honeymoons is very popular as are romantic getaways in general. There are also family friendly resorts with facilities for young children including kids' clubs and nanny options.
Fiji has several popular tourism destinations. The Botanical Gardens of Thurston in Suva, Sigatoka Sand Dunes, Colo-I-Suva Forest Park, Sleeping Giant, Kula Eco Park, and Kila World are some options on the mainland (Viti Levu). A major attraction on the outer islands is scuba diving.
With myriad greens in the landscapes, yellows and chartreuse mingling as palm trees rustle in the breeze and the bright oranges of ripe mangos and papayas, Fiji flaunts all the feel-good colours. White waterfalls tumble into black lava rock pools for some calming notes. Everywhere you turn there’s something colourful to make you smile. Then there’s the brilliant blue and green of a sea that’s comfortably warm enough to plunge into while still being refreshing. Below the surface are thriving corals and enough fish to impress any tourist. Dive in because few things on Earth can make you feel better than a dip in a turquoise blue sea.
Fiji's larger islands have extensive bus routes that are affordable and consistent in service. Buses are the principal form of public transport and passenger movement between the towns on the main islands. Buses also serve on roll-on-roll-off inter-island ferries.
Taxis operate widely all over the country. Apart from urban, town-based taxis, there are others that are licensed to serve rural or semi-rural areas.
Inter-island ferries provide services between Fiji's principal islands and large vessels operate roll-on-roll-off services, transporting vehicles and large amounts of cargo between the main island of Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, and other smaller islands.
Fiji is known to have some of the best food in the South Pacific thanks to the Indian, Southeast Asian and Chinese influences blended with Melanesian staples.
Modern Fijian cuisine is diverse with great influences from Indian cuisine, and spices along with traditional local tropical fruits, vegetables, fish, wild pork, taro, coconut, and seafood.